In Bhagavadgita, Yoga is referred to at many places. However, the definition of the word Yoga is given in two slokas. Both the slokas are from second chapter.
yōgasthaḥ kuru karmāṇi saṅgaṁ tyktvā dhanañjaya
sidhyassidhyōḥ samō bhūtvā samatvaṁ yōga ucyatē
buddhiyuktō jahātīha ubhē sukṛta dushkṛtē
tasmād yōgāya yujyasva yōgaḥ karmasu kauśalaṁ
In the past, many authors commented on the two slokas according to their understanding. Very few could comment on the true meaning of the two slokas. According to the last part of the first sloka, samatvaṁ yōga ucyatē, “Equanimity is Yoga”. What is Equanimity?
**O Dhananjayaa, Do karma being in yoga.
Discard the attachment.
Whether you succeed or fail in your attempts, take it equally.
Equanimity is Yoga. **
Here, the meaning needs to be understood carefully.
First – The Lord was referring to Karma Yoga and not to any other yoga.
Second - How to do Karma without attachment? How can karma be continued without expecting any result? We cannot stay without doing karma, so we have to do Karma. If we don’t do Karma, Nature will make us do it, so we have to do it. The result is not decided just by our effort. It is decided by different inputs, circumstances, good luck and many more factors. So the result can be anything from success to failure. If we understand this point very well, there is no room for any attachment. When there is no attachment mind will be in balanced state. It will not feel high or low because of the success or failure. This balanced state is the State of Yoga.
Third – The above situation shows the state of Sadhaka. When perfection is reached, the state of Self-realization remains with him always, so naturally result does not affect him. If we are aware that whatever we are doing is not ours, then it is called natural state of Yoga. As Mother of Jillellamudi said ‘Think everything is done either by He or by You’, then you will not have any sorrow.
If you think He (God) is doing the work through you, then you won’t have any sorrow because it is He not you doing it. It is His sweet will and you are not concerned with the result. If you think you are doing it, then you are responsible for your failure. So you have to improve yourself. Both ways, there is no need to feel depressed.
So the secret of how to do karma is revealed in the two slokas. We are all bound by karma. Nobody can stay without doing karma. We all have to learn as how to do karma. Karma can be done reluctantly and also willingly. But the real secret is to do it with full effort yet remaining unaffected by the outcome. This is the teaching of Gita.
Gita is so great because it contains such practical secrets and that is why it has been the spiritual compass to the world from many thousand years.
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